Country code: 



Ownership rules: 

Default (statutory) regime for the ownership

Author / inventor

Default (statutory) regime for employee’s creations

In relation to industrial property and software - employer; the employee shall be the owner only when the created industrial property or software is completely separated from work and did not require any kind of equipment, facilities, data, etc. In relation to copyright, the Copyright Law per se does not provide any rule regarding the ownership of authorial works (e.g. artistic, intellectual or musical works).

Article 454 of the Consolidation of Labor Laws says that inventions will belong to the employer and the employee, in equal parts, when created by both (i.e. a combined effort, including a combination of equipment, materials, data, knowledge, etc.), except when it contemplates scientific research. In order to prevent mistakes or misunderstandings, the best practice is to stipulate a clause in the contract about the results. However, there are specific situations that a Law or other legal normative act (e.g. a statutory regime) stipulates the applicable rule.

Ownership of research results in publicly sponsored research

The rules will differ from HEI to HEI. It will be determined in the contract, however the majority of the cases seem to be where it is divided between the HEI, the researches who were in charge of the research and the specific institution who supported the study.

Specific ownership rules for public HEIs/research organisations and possibility to modify it contractually

Depends on the institution. State University of Campinas, for example, divides the patents equally between the institution, the University and the inventors, 1/3 for each.

Specific ownership regime for students/ visiting researchers/doctoral students and possibility to modify it contractually

No specific rules.

Related law (name & link)

Law No. 9.279 of May 14, 1996 (Industrial Property Law), Articles 88-90

Copyright Law No. 9.610 of February 19, 1998

Software Law No. 9.609 of February 19, 1998, Article 4

Consolidation of Labour Laws (Decree-Law No. 5.452 of May 1st, 1943), Article 454

Dissemination rules: 

Limitations on publication

Information not available

Specific rules regarding publication of scientific results financed by public bodies

Information not available

Non-disclosure clauses in research contracts

Information not available

Specific incentives for innovation activities: 

Related Law (name & Link)

Law No. 10.973 of December 2, 2004 (Innovation and Research in Science and Technology)

Incentives provided by law for individual researchers

Instruments for promoting innovation: scholarships; research assistance; research programmes.

Related Law (name & Link)

For up-to-date information please consult the web-page of Brazilian National Council of State Research and Innovation Support Foundations

Incentives provided by HEI for researcher

Form of commercialisation: 

Form of commercialisation

Requirements regarding form of contract

Limitations for HEIs

HEIs Unit responsible for commercialisation

Related law (name & link)

Transfer, Licensing of IPRs

Written form. Needs to be endorsed by the INPI.



Law No. 9.279 of May 14, 1996 (Industrial Property Law)

Revenue sharing: 

Remuneration/ Participation in revenues

Statutory rules regarding remuneration

Statutory rules regarding revenue sharing

Internal HEIs rules regarding revenue sharing

Related law (name & link)

Patents and other IPRs

Inventors have the right for remuneration, however its distribution and sharing procedures are not specified. When there is no agreement between the inventor and the licensiate the INPI has the right to arbitrate over the distribuiton. Also the amount can be revised after one year.

Not specified

Not specified

Law No. 9.279 of May 14, 1996 (Industrial Property Law)

Models of contracts used in R&D: 

Type of contracts

Short description

Source (link)

Each institute will have its own contract template.

In some cases you can request a model template or a non-disclosure agreement template direclty from the institute´s website, although this is not commonly practiced yet.

Not available