Category of IP right
Type of limitation
PATENTS ONLY! Limitations on exclusivity
Exploitation outside the course of professional activity;
Exploitation by experiment relating to the subject matter of the invention;
Preparation in a pharmacy of a medicine in accordance with a prescription in individual cases, or acts carried out with a medicine so prepared;
Tests, experiments and the like on a patented medicine necessary to obtain marketing authorization for a medicine in a state party to the WTO Treaty.
Patent Act, Chapter 1, section 3.
Exception from the right to design
Use for private and non-commercial purposes;
Use for experimental purposes;
May be displayed for the purpose of making citations or of teaching.
Designs Act of 2003 Chapter 1, Section 10.
Topographies of Semiconductor Products
Limitations on exclusivity. Anyone may use the following:
his name, business name or address; indications concerning the kind, quality, quantity, purpose, value or geographical origin of the goods or services, the time of production of the goods or of rendering the services or other characteristics of the goods or services; the trademark, when this is necessary to indicate the intended purpose of goods or services, such as when the trademark indicates that the intended purpose of the goods is as accessories or spare parts.
Trademarks Act of 2010, Chapter 1, Section 5.
These types of use shall not infringe copyright
Making copies for use in educational activities;
Fixations made in health institutions, homes for the elderly, prisons and similar institutions;
Making copies in archives, libraries and museums;
Making copies for disabled;
Collective works intended for use in education, religious service;
Public exhibition of copies of a work;
Public performance of a published work;
Reproduction of work of art/ photographic work;
News report in a broadcast or film;
Copyright Act of 1961, Chapter 2 Section 12, 13, 15-18, 20-23, 25, 26.
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