Category of IP right

Type of limitation


Relevant regulation

Patents/Utility models/Designs

Patents/Utility models

Industrial Designs

Topographies of Semiconductor Products

Trade Marks

Limitations on exclusivity:

Prior user rights;

Anyone may use the name or address as an indication of features or characteristics of goods or services, in particular, their nature, their properties and determining their value, their geographical origin or the time of production or provision to use, or the brand or business name as a reference to the determination of a commodity to, in particular as accessories or spare parts, or service use.

Federal Act of August 28, 1992 on the Protection of Trademarks and Indications of Source, Article 14